Paivatar – Goddess of the Sun and Freedom

  • Attributes: Goddess of the Sun, day, summer and weaving
  • Symbols: Sun, light and heat
  • Place: Finland
Ilustração da Deusa Paivatar - Wicca, Paganismo, Bruxaria

Sharing some similarities with the Japanese Goddess Amaterasu, the Goddess Paivatar is the pagan representation of the Sun in Finland and sister of the Moon Goddess, Kuu. Legends tell that she lived in the sky, where she weaves the golden light of the day to throw on the earth.

One day the Sun was stolen from the sky by the toothless witch from the north cold farms, Louhi, who used enchanted music to freeze the Sun and to imprison it within a metal mountain along with the Moon. For five years the night remained, and for the next ten years not even the stars were more visible.

The gods could no longer withstand the cold and the darkness, so they called the bard Vainamoinen and the blacksmith Ilmarinen to fix the world. The blacksmith forged a new silver sun and a golden moon and hung them in the sky. The bard warned that it would not work, since mere metals would not be enough to lighten the world.

Vainamoinen disguised himself and traveled to the island of the witch to rescue the Goddesses. He confronted Louhi’s minions and, entering the estate, he came upon nine doors, each with three locks, blocking his way. He went back to the blacksmith and asked him to forge a trident, a dozen ice picks and several keys. Ilmarinen went to work immediately and also forged a heavy metal necklace.

After realizing the invasion, Louhi disguised herself as an eagle and flew to the blacksmith’s window to watch him work. She asked him casually what he was doing and he, knowing that it was the witch, told her it was a necklace to bind a witch to a stone.

In terror, anticipating the future that awaited her, Louhi returned to the north. She knew she could not run away from them so she decided to free the Sun and the Moon, and then she flew back to the blacksmith in the form of a dove. There she warned the blacksmith that the Sun was rising to the sky.

Faith to overcome obstacles

Courage and cleverness were necessary to rescue the Goddesses from their prison. These are qualities necessary for life. Finland is a Nordic country and in winter it has a rainy and very cloudy weather. Paivatar represents the annual struggle against the cold and darkness and the promise that the light will return to warm the earth.

Summoning Paivatar

The Winter Solstice (Yule in the Wiccan Wheel of the Year) is the date associated with the moment when Paivatar and his sister were granted freedom. From this date on the power of the Sun gets stronger every day. The myth of Paivatar confronts us with two issues we experience during different times of our lives: the threat of those who do not like us, being able to inhibit us and the freedom we can achieve.Each character in the myth of Paivatar shows one aspect of ourselves, such as the clever blacksmith Ilmarinen, the valiant bard Vainamoinen, and the witch Louhi who can represent the ones who dislike us or our own negative aspect of self-sabotage or self-destruction.

Summoning Paivatar is a good way tune in with our inner self. To create a conducive environment you can use candles, incense and create an altar with symbols of Paivatar. Doing this little ritual on the Winter Solstice (around 21st of December) will make the energies flow more positively.

Necessary items:

  • A Cauldron
  • A piece of paper
  • Pencil or pen
  • Altar with symbols related to Paivatar
  • Incense (optional)
  • Candles (optional)

Sit comfortably and light the candles and the incense if you wish to use them. Close your eyes and start to think about on the different aspects of your personality. Which of them are in total freedom? Which of them are somehow trapped in you? Why are they stuck? What can you do to free them and let them shine like the sun?

Now take a piece of paper and write down how you visualize these aspects in the future. Write in detail, always emanating good energies. Thank the Goddess for her inspiration. Burn the paper in your cauldron and throw the ashes into running water.

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