- Attributes: Goddess of the sun, life, fertility, warmth and health
- Symbols: Amber, apple, crown, daisy or sunflower, rosette
- Place: Lithuania, eastern Poland and the Baltic Sea
The Goddess Saule is the Lithuanian Goddess of the Sun, responsible for the well-being and regeneration of the life cycle on Earth. It is said that it accompanies the life of all beings from birth and in death she receives their spirits in her apple tree.
According to Baltic Mythology, Saule runs through the sky every day in a copper-wheeled carriage pulled by unremitting horses, and at night she goes to her silver castle at the end of the sea to bathe the horses.
At the beginning of creation, she was married to the Moon God Menesis and they had several children: the first was the Earth and the others were Stars. Among the Stars, one was special to her: Austrine (or Saules Meita, as called by the majority).
Saule was an assiduous worker, every morning she went out into the sky to bring light and prosperity to the world while her husband was fickle and carefree and used to leave the castle with his moon carriage only sometimes, leaving the world at the mercy of darkness.
Every night, after bathing her horses, she looked for Austrine, her beautiful long-haired daughter. Yet one day she did not find her – in the absence of the Goddess, her husband had raped the child. Extremely furious, Saule took a sword and struck him in the face, leaving the marks we see today on the lunar disk.
Since then evil has invaded the world and the two are no longer seen together in the sky.
A Mother’s pain
Most legends of Goddesses and Gods bring stories of punishment and overcoming. A striking feature of this in question is that the suffering caused to the Goddess was due to the rape of her daughter. This suffering for love of someone else brings Saule closer to mankind and shows that after banning Menesis to protect her family, she did not give up his initial goal: she continues to bring light and rule the life of the world.
Just like the Triple Goddess, Saule possesses her benevolent face (Mother) and her destroying face (Crone), showing us one universal true: It is necessary to destroy to begin anew. Saules Meita corresponds to the Maiden aspect.